Public Administration





UGC NET Syllabus for Public Administration

SUBJECT CODE 14


Public Administration refers to two meanings:
First, it is concerned with the implementation of government policy;
Second, it is an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servants for working in the public service.
As a "field of inquiry with a diverse scope" its "fundamental goal... is to advance management and policies so that government can function." Some of the various definitions which have been offered for the term are: "the management of public programs"; the "translation of politics into the reality that citizens see every day"; and "the study of government decision making, the analysis of the policies themselves, the various inputs that have produced them, and the inputs necessary to produce alternative policies."
Question Pattern: 
There will be two question papers -
  • UGC NET Examination in Public Administration, Paper II and Paper III.
  • Paper II will have 100 marks in total whereas Paper III will have 150 marks in total.
  • Paper II will cover fifty (50) objective type questions, whereas the Paper III will have seventy five (75) objective type questions, each question carrying two (2) marks.
  • All questions are compulsory in both the papers.
  • The objective type questions will include multiple choices, matching type, true / false and assertion-reasoning type.

Paper II Syllabus

1. Theory of Public Administration
  • Public Administration – Meaning, Nature and Scope, Public and Private Administration, New Public Administration, New Public Management.
  • Administrative Thinkers – Kautilya, Wood row Wilson, Click and Berwick, Max Weber, F. W. Taylor, Henri Fayol, M. P. Follet, Elton Mayo, C.I. Barnard, Herbert Simon, D. H. McGregor, Abraham Maslow, Herzberg, Chris Argyris and Fred Riggs.
  • Theories – Classical, Human Relations, Bureaucratic, Public Choice and Principal Agent relationship.
  • Approaches to the study of Public Administration – Scientific Management, Behavioural Systems, Structural – Functional, Decision-making, Public Policy and Marxian.
  • Organisation – Bases of Organisation, Formal and Informal, Principles of Organisation – Hierarchy, Span of Control, Unity of Command, Delegation, Decentralisation and Coordination; Line – Staff Agencies.
  • Leadership, Motivation and Communication.



2. Comparative Public Administration

  • Comparative Public Administration – Nature and Scope.
  • Theories and Models of Comparative Public Administration – Contributions of Fred Riggs, Montgomery and Ferrel Heady.
  • A Comparative Study of the Administration, Institutions and Processes in U.K., U.S.A., and India.
  • Various Control Mechanisms over Administration in U.K. U.S.A. and India.
  • Citizen and Administration – Machinery for redressal of citizen’s grievances in U.K., U.S.A. and India.



3. Development Administration

  • Development Administration – Meaning, Nature and Scope, Concept of Development Administration;
  • Development Administration and Traditional Administration;
  • Characteristics of Administration in Developed and Developing Countries.
  • Public and Private Sectors and their Administration.
  • Planning – Projects and Plan Formulation, Plan Implementation and Evaluation.
  • Bureaucracy and Development Administration – Role of Bureaucracy in Plan Formulation and its Implementation.
  • Development Administration – Interactions among Bureaucrats, Politicians, Technocrats, Social Scientists, Educationists and Journalists. People’s Participation in Development.
  • International Aid and Technical Assistance programs – IMF, IBRD, WTO.

4. Indian Administration

  • Administrative Legacies at the time of Independence – Civil Services; District and Revenue Administration.
  • Organisation of Government at the Central Level – Organisation of Secretariat, Ministries and Departments, Cabinet Secretariat, P.M.O.
  • Organisation of Government at the State Level – Secretariat, Role of Chief Secretary, Organisation of Ministries, Departments and Directorates.
  • Personnel Administration – Classification of Services, Recruitment, Recruitment Agencies – U.P.S.C. and State Public Service Commissions, Training, Promotion, Discipline, Morale, Staff Associations, Employer – Employee Relations.
  • Financial Administration – Budget, Enactment of Budget, Finance Ministry and its Role, Audit and Accounts, Comptroller and Auditor – General.
  • Plans – Five – Year Plans, Formulation of Plans, Planning Commission, National Development Council, Plan Implementation.
  • Centre State Relations – Legislative, Administrative and Financial, Finance Commission.
  • Control over Administration – Legislative, Executive and Judicial Control, Transparency, Accountability and Administrative Responsiveness.
  • District Administration – Organisation of District Administration, Role of District Collector in Development, Local Government – Rural and Urban, Panchayati Raj Institutions and their Role in Development.
  • Citizen and Administration – Lokpal and Lokayukta.
  • Delegated Legislation and Administrative Adjudication.
  • Administrative Reforms in India since Independence.

5. Research Methodology

  • Types of Research.
  • Identification of Problem and Preparation of Research Design.
  • Research Methods in Social Sciences.
  • Hypothesis.
  • Sampling – Various Sampling Procedures.
  • Tools of Data Collection – Questionnaire, Interview, Content Analysis.
  • Processing of Data.
  • Measures of Central Tendency – Mean, Mode and Median.
  • Report Writing.

6. Social and Economic Administration

  • Meaning, Nature and Scope of Social Welfare and Social Justice.
  • Central Social Welfare Board and State Social Welfare Boards.
  • Major Social Sectors – Health and Education.
  • Industrial Policy Resolutions and Growth of Public Sector in India.
  • Public Sector – Features, Problems of Management, Accountability and Autonomy.
  • New Economic Policy – Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation.www.netugc.com

7. Local Governments — Rural and Urban
  • Meaning, Nature and Scope of Local Governments.
  • Major Features and Structure of Local Government in U.K., U.S.A., France and India.
  • 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments in India.
  • Functions and Role of Local Governments in India.
  • State – Local Relations in India.




  • Paper III (Part A) Syllabus

    CORE GROUP
    Unit – I
    • Public Administration – Meaning, Nature and Scope / Public and Private Administration,
    • New Public Administration, New Public Management.
    Unit – II
    • Organisation – Bases of Organisation – Formal and Informal,
    • Principles of Organisation,
    • Hierarchy, Span of Control, Unity of Command, Delegation, Decentralisation,
    • Co-ordination and Line & Staff Agencies.
    Unit – III
    • Administrative Thinkers – Kautilya, Woodrow Wilson, Luther Gullick and Lyndall Urwick, Max Weber, F. W. Taylor, Henry Fayol, M.P. Follet, Elton Mayo, Chester Barnard, Herbert Simon, D.H. McGregor, Abraham Maslow, Frederick Herzberg and Chris Argyris.
    Unit – IV
    • Theories and Models of Comparative Public Administration – Contributions of Fred Riggs, Montgomery and Ferrel Heady.
    • A Comparative Study of the Administration, institutions and Processes in U.K., U.S.A. and India.
    Unit – V
    • Development Administration – Meaning, Nature and Scope,
    • Concept of Development Administration,
    • Development Administration and Traditional Administration,
    • Characteristics of Administration in Developed and Developing Countries.
    • Bureaucracy and Development Administration.
    Unit – VI
    Indian Administration-
    • Organisation of the Union Government – Central Secretariat, Ministries and Departments, Cabinet Secretariat, P.M.O.
    • Organisation of the State Government – Secretariat, Role of Chief Secretary, Organisation of Departments and Directorates.
    Unit – VII
    • Personnel Administration – Classification of Services, Recruitment, Recruitment Agencies – U.P.S.C. and State Public Service Commissions. Training, Promotion, Discipline, Morale, Staff Associations, Employer – Employee Relations.
    • Financial Administration – Budget – Meaning, Preparation and Enactment, Finance Ministry and its Role, Audit and Accounts, Comptroller and Auditor – General.
    Unit – VIII
    • Research Methodology – Research Methods in Social Sciences.
    • Types of Research, Sampling, Tools of Data Collection.
    Unit – IX
    • Structure of District Administration,
    • Role of District Collector,
    • Local Government – Rural and Urban: Structure, Functions and Role,
    • Finances; State – Local Relations.
    Unit – X
    • Social and Economic Administration – The Concept of Social Welfare, Social Justices and Social Change.
    • The Concepts of Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation – The New Economic Policy.
    • Role of Voluntary and Non – governmental Agencies in Socio – Economic Development.

    Paper III (Part B) Syllabus

    (Elective / Optional)
    Elective – I
    • Public Policy – Meaning, Types and Significance.
    • Approaches to Public Policy.
    • Institutional Arrangements for Policy – making.
    • Policy – making Process, Policy Implementation, Policy Education, Policy Monitoring and Evaluation.
    • Policy Analysis.
    Elective – II
    • Concepts of Social Welfare, Social Justice and Social Change.
    • Organisational Structure for Social Justice Administration – Central Social Welfare Board, State Social Welfare Boards, Role of N.G.O.s and Voluntary Organisations, State Departments of Social Welfare and the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Reservation Policy
    • Major Social Sectors – Health and Education.www.netugc.com
    Elective – III
    • Economic Policy in India since Independence.
    • Concept of Mixed Economy.
    • Industrial Policy Resolutions and Growth of Public Enterprises in India.
    • Public Enterprises – Features, Problems of Management, Accountability and Autonomy.
    • Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation, Disinvestment Policy – The New Economic Policy.
    Elective – IV
    • Local Self – Government – Meaning, Nature and Scope.
    • 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments in India.
    • Organisation and Functions.
    • Finances.
    • State and Local Government Relations.
    • Challenges before the Local Self-Government.
    Elective – V
    • Concept of Rural Development, Approaches to Rural Development, Community Development, Area Development, Integrated Rural Development, Centralization and Decentralization, Role of Cooperatives.
    • Process of Urbanization, Urban Development Infrastructure, Housing, Water Supply, Sewerage, Environment, Transport.
    • Master Plan, National Capital Region, Development Authorities, Slums.

     

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